Skilled workers are selected as permanent residents based on their education, work experience, knowledge of English and/or French, and other criteria that have been shown to help them become economically established in Canada.
The Federal Skilled Worker Program is for people coming to any part of Canada except Quebec. The province of Quebec is responsible for selecting its own skilled workers.
The first step is using the Express Entry system to determine eligibility. The skilled worker is then added to a pool and those who are accepted could get an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence. The skilled worker is put into a pool and only top ranking candidates are invited to apply.
Once someone is invited to apply, an application for permanent residence will have to be filled out within 60 days.